Europa şi Rusia “energetică” (3)
|13/12/2012||Autor theophyle Categorii: Dosare, Stiri Europene|
Gazprom – date formale
Gazprom este o companie energetică, controlată de statul rus si este cea mai mare companie producătoare de gaze naturale din lume. În 2010, capitalizarea companiei a ajuns la 585 miliarde USD. Gazprom controlează 17% din rezervele mondiale cunoscute de gaze naturale, cu extractie de 513.2 miliarde metri cubi pe an si detine 20-24% din productia mondială de gaze naturale, si mai mult de un sfert din consumul Europei. (vezi postarea anterioara) Grupul Gazprom detine monopolul extractiei si productiei rusesti de gaze naturale, unde detine 60% din rezerve si 85% din productie. Toate datele despre evolutia afacerilor (legitime) ale Gazprom le puteti citi inGazprom in Figures 2006–2010. Factbook(propun sa cititi cu atentie explorarile internationale si interesele comerciale in anumite regiuni ale globului).
Gazprom – Agenţi si influenţe
Nota: Toate datele mentionate sunt extrase din open sources.
- În Germania, Gerhard Schröder dupa semnarea acordului cu Gazprom, fiind inca Cancelar al Germaniei, a fost numit ulterior in CA-ul companiei. BBC
- În Polonia, agentul rus Vladimir Alganov a fost înregistrat la Viena discutand cu Marek Dochnal, oligarh polonez, in legatura cu mituirea unor oficiali oficiali polonezi, in frunte cu politicianul Andrzej Pęczakpentru a primi informatii si suport politic in privatizarea industriei energetice poloneze. The Independent.
- În Finlanda, Paavo Lipponen, fost Premier Social-democrat al Finlandei (1995 – 2003) , a sprijinit planurile Gazprom pentru a construi conducte in Finlanda, fiind apoi (dupa terminarea mandatului) angajat de către consorţiu. Helsingin Sanomat International Edition – Business & Finance
Maine continuam cu Italia, Germania si Cehia. Saptamana viitoare cu Romania.
Cateva extrase bibliografice, inclusiv sursele integrale pentru a intelege mai bine proportiile fenomenului.
Although, the proponents of both pipelines argue that these projects are economically justifiable, only the cost of the offshore part of the “Nord Stream” is estimated at 7.4 billion Euros, what makes the project 3-4 times as expensive as any alternative pipeline built on ground (e.g., crossing Polish territory).176 It contributes to the suspicions that the “Nord Stream” is actually a politically motivated project. These suspicions are even amplified by such events like employment of the former German Chancellor Gerhard Shroder by the Nord Stream Company. This triggered a wave of suspicions of corruptions within Germany because Gerhard Schroder at the time of being in office was negotiating the “Nord Stream” projects with Russians. Similarly, in August 2008, the Nord Stream Company hired another ex-Prime Minister as a lobbyist. This time it was the Finnish ex-PM-Paavo Lipponen. At his time in the office, he strongly supported the idea of building the “Nord Stream”pipeline. Russia – A New Empire under construction: the Russian policy towards former communist satellites – mechanisms of exertion of influence, Naval Postgraduate School, 2008 (page 109)
Afterwards, when Gazprom wanted to create fake competition, in order to avoid criticism of its monopoly position or just having additional possibilities for bold financial transactions, Gazprom used an until then unknown company called Eural Trans Gas. On 5 December 2002, Gazprom and Ukraine’s national oil company Naftogaz, appointed the company Eural Trans Gas as an agent to transport gas from Turkmenistan to Ukraine. On the following day, Eural Trans Gas was created. It was founded in Hungary by three Romanians and one Israeli. The deal between Gazprom and Naftogaz comes down to the fact that Eural Trans Gas was to keep 38 per cent of transported gas, which it could sell for its own profit. Consequently, it received 57 per cent of the Ukrainian gas market whilst appearing to be a competitor to Gazprom. As a result, Eural Trans Gas made $US767 million in net profit (in 2003 alone) without having any hard assets. Swedish Defence Research Agency – Russia’s Energy Policy (page 149)
Russian organized crime, with the tacit support of the Kremlin, is playing a significant role in expanding the Kremlin’s economic hegemony throughout the former USSR and the Warsaw Pact countries. In Romania the aluminum business was taken over by Russian owned companies using suspect means and there are serious questions about how that country’s gold mining industry is being bought up by companies from Central Asia who are friendly to the Kremlin and who appear to have a working arrangement with some high level Romanian officials. Russian Energy Sector Opaqueness Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Roman Kupchinsky June 12, 2008 (page 2)
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